Because the penalties for not complying with the healthcare law were intended both to encourage people to get insurance and to help supply the money for the subsidies, many people have been keeping an eye on compliance stats.

Fox Business shares that a new report from the Congressional Budget Office and Joint Committee on Taxation states about 90% of the 30 million Americans without insurance will be exempt from the penalty tax for failing to get insurance. (Exemptions are granted in cases of domestic violence, property damage, and having a health plan cancelled when the law first kicked in, for example.) 

Manhattan Institute scholar Yevgeniy Feyman says that the money for subsidies is coming in from elsewhere, however. Cuts to Medicare advantage, penalties to businesses under the employer mandate, as well as the Cadillac tax will all be strong sources of funding.